Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms & Treatment

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms & Treatments

Type 2 diabetes is a long-lasting (chronic) disease. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. It occurs when your body has higher than normal glucose (sugar) levels. This condition is also known as hyperglycemia. Knowing how you get type 2 diabetes is key to steer clear of it.

One or all of the following symptoms can happen:

  • The pancreas does not make enough of a hormone called insulin.
  • The body has trouble using the insulin that is made.

The biggest difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is simple. Type 2 diabetes is preventable. Anyone with either form of diabetes can benefit from exercise and living a healthy lifestyle. There are a number of best practices to help avoid developing this common disease.

Diabetes Type 2 Treatment

Home Care for Diabetes

  • Check your blood sugar (glucose) once a day, or as told by your doctor.
  • Take all medicine as told by your doctor.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Eat healthy foods. Weight loss can help your diabetes.
  • Learn about low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Know how to treat it.
  • Get your eyes checked on a regular basis.
  • Get a wellness exam every year. Get your blood pressure checked. Get your blood and pee (urine) tested.
  • Wear a necklace or bracelet that says you have diabetes.
  • Check your feet every night for cuts, sores, blisters, and redness. Tell your doctor if you have problems.

Get Help Right Away If:

  • You have trouble keeping your blood sugar in the target range.
  • You have problems with your medicines.
  • You are sick and not getting better after 24 hours.
  • You have a sore or wound that is not healing.
  • You have vision problems or changes.
  • You have a fever.

Make Sure You:

  • Understand these instructions.
  • Will watch your condition.
  • Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse.

 

Diabetes Glucose Meter and Fruit

5 Frequently Asked Questions About the Types of Diabetes

What Is Diabetes?

Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose (sugar). Our bodies use it for energy. The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. It helps glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either does not make enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood.

What Are The Symptoms of Diabetes?

  • Feeling very tired much of the time
  • Excessive thirst
  • Sores that are slow to heal
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Extreme hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Yeast infection
  • Tingling or numbness in hands and feet

What Are the Different Types of Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes

  • About 10% of affected people have this type.
  • Usually occurs before the age of 30.
  • Usually occurs in thin to normal weight people.

Type 2 Diabetes

  • About 90% of affected people have this type.
  • Usually occurs after the age of 40.
  • Usually occurs in overweight people.
  • More likely to have:
    • A family history of diabetes.
    • A history of diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
    • High blood pressure.
    • High cholesterol and triglycerides.

Gestational Diabetes

  • Occurs in about 4% of pregnancies.
  • Usually goes away after the baby is born.
  • More likely to occur in women with:
    • Family history of diabetes.
    • Previous gestational diabetes.
    • Obese.
    • Over 25 years old.

What Is Pre-Diabetes?

Pre-diabetes means your blood glucose is higher than normal, but lower than the diabetes range. It also means you are at risk of getting type 2 diabetes and heart disease. If you are told you have pre-diabetes, have your blood glucose checked again in 1 to 2 years.

What Is The Treatment for Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes?

Treatment is aimed at keeping blood glucose near normal levels at all times for type 1 and 2 diabetes. Learning how to manage this yourself is important in treating diabetes. Depending on the type of diabetes you have, your treatment will include one or more of the following:

  • Monitoring your blood glucose.
  • Meal planning.
  • Exercise.
  • Oral medicine (pills) or insulin.

Can Diabetes Be Prevented?

With type 1 diabetes, prevention is more difficult, because the triggers that cause it are not yet known. With type 2 diabetes, prevention is more likely, with lifestyle changes:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Eat healthy.
  • Exercise.

Is There a Cure for Diabetes?

No, there is no cure for diabetes. There is a lot of research going on that is looking for a cure, and progress is being made. Diabetes can be treated and controlled. People with diabetes can manage their diabetes and lead normal, active lives.

Should I Be Tested for Diabetes?

If you are at least 45 years old, you should be tested for diabetes. You should be tested again every 3 years. If you are 45 or older and overweight, you may want to get tested more often. If you are younger than 45, overweight, and have one or more of the following risk factors, you should be tested:

  • Family history of diabetes.
  • Inactive lifestyle.
  • High blood pressure.

Horizon Healthcare can set you up with an appointment to test for type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes.

What Are Some Other Sources for Information on Diabetes?

The following organizations may help in your search for more information on diabetes:

Schedule a Diabetes Test with Us

Horizon Healthcare can set you up with an appointment to test for type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes.

Visit our services to find a health provider near you. We have primary healthcare facilities locations across the state of South Dakota. Find your nearest Horizon Health Care location.

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